DOI: 10.25881/20728255_2021_16_3_134

Authors

Kryukov Yu.Yu., Glyantsev S.P.

A.N. Bakulev National Medical Research Center for Cardiovascular Surgery, Moscow

Abstract

In article a complete scientific biography and the contribution to the medicine of Russia of an outstanding surgeon, scientist, teacher, organizer of military and civil health care, actual privy councilor V.V. Pelican (1790–1873) is presented. As a surgeon, scientist and teacher V.V. Pelikan stood at the origins of vascular surgery in Russia, defended the country’s first dissertation on surgery of aneurysm of arteries, headed the surgical department, created his own school, headed the Imperial University of Vilnius, the largest in Russia and Europe. As the organizer of military medicine, military health care and military medical education in different years V.V. Pelikan led the Moscow military hospital, the Medical Department of the Ministry of War, the Veterinary Committee under this department, the Medical and Surgical Academy and the Military Medical Scientific Committee, making a huge contribution to the development of military medical and military veterinary affairs, training military doctors and veterinarians, providing medical assistance in major military campaigns, the fight against infectious diseases in the Russian army. In the last years of V.V. Pelikan, heading the Medical Council under the Ministry of Internal Affairs, was in charge of civil health care in Russia, making a contribution to this area of domestic medicine.

Keywords: history of medicine and surgery, history of military medicine, education and health care, Russian Empire, V.V. Pelican (1790–1873).

References

1. Venceslav Venceslavovich Pelikan (nekrolog). Vsemirnaja illjustracija. 1873; 10(242): 122-123. (In Russ).

2. Venceslav Venceslavovich Pelikan (nekrolog). Medicinskij vestnik. 1873; (30): 279-283. (In Russ).

3. Dopolnenie k nekrologu Venceslava Venceslavovicha Pelikana Medicinskij vestnik. 1873; 32: 324-325. (In Russ).

4. Jubilej 50-letnej medicinskoj dejatel’nosti doktora mediciny i hirurgii, tajnogo sovetnika, Venceslava Venceslavovicha Pelikana Medicinskij vestnik. 1863; (19): 181-184. (In Russ).

5. Devjanostoletie Imperatorskogo Vilenskogo medicinskogo obshhestva (12 dekabrja 1895 goda). Vil’na: Imperatorskoe Vilenskoe medicinskoe obshhestvo; 1895. 335 p. (In Russ).

6. Russkij biograficheskij slovar’. Tom 13. Modzalevskiy BL, editor. SPb.: Tip. I.N. Skorohodova; 1902. 745 p. (In Russ).

7. Stoletie voennogo ministerstva (1802–1902). Tom VIII, Ch. 3. Okonchanie istoricheskogo ocherka razvitija i dejatel’nosti Voenno-medicinskogo vedomstva v carstvovanie imperatora Nikolaja I. Prilozhenija. Skalon DA, editor. SPb.: Tipografija Postavshhikov Dvora Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Tovarishhestva M. O. Vol’f; 1909. 161 p. (In Russ).

8. Lubockij DN. Dissertacija VV Pelikana — osnova uchenija o reducirovannom krovoobrashhenii Vrachebnoe delo. 1953; (3): 269-272. (In Russ).

9. Gljancev SP, Krjukov JuJu, Sochilin AA. Dejstvitel’nyj tajnyj sovetnik VV Pelikan (1790–1863) i ego «Dissertatio Medico Chirurgica inauguralis de Aneurysmate» (SPb, 1816). Chast’ 1. Opredelenie, jetimologija termina i klassifikacija anevrizmy arterij Angiologija i sosudistaja hirurgija. 2021; 27(2): 193-200. (In Russ).

10. Okolov VL. Istorija russkoj hirurgii v personalijah (1722–1922 gg.). Tjumen’: Skorpion, 1995. 224 p. (In Russ).

11. Mirskij MB. Hirurgija ot drevnosti do sovremennosti. Ocherki istorii. M.:Nauka; 2000. 798 p. (In Russ).

12. Professora Voenno-medicinskoj (Mediko-hirurgicheskoj) akademii (1798–1998) / Shevchenko JuL, Shalaev NF, et al, editors. SPb: Nauka; 1998. 316 p. (In Russ).

13. Pervyj gospital’ i voennaja medicina v Rossii: 300 let sluzhenija Otechestvu. V 2 t. Tom I: Stanovlenie voennoj mediciny Rossii. V 3 kn. Kn. 2: Voennaja medicina i Moskovskij gospital’ v XIX — nachale XX stoletija / Krylova NL, Kljuzheva VM, Maksimova IB, editors. M.: Jeko-Press; 2011. 744 р. (In Russ).

14. Majsjajonak A, Sharjejka P. V. Pelikan: Ad Slonima da Braschawshchyny Braslawskija chytanni: M-ly 11-j Navukova-krajaznawchaj kanferjencyi, prysvechanaj 925-goddzju Braslava. Braslaw: Braslawski filijal Pastawskaj uzbujnjonaj drukarni; 1991. Р. 45-53. (In Belaruss).

15. Medvedeva LM, Nebylicyn JuS, Koleso sud’by. Venceslavu Venceslavovichu Pelikanu posvjashhaetsja. Novosti hirurgii. 2008; 16(3): 2–8 (In Russ).

16. Sakalauskaitė-Juodeikienė E., Kvascevicius R., Jatuzis D. Neurochirurgijos ištakos XIX a. pradžios Vilniaus klinikose. Lietuvos Chirurgija. 2018; 17(3-4): 207-223.

17. Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj voenno-istoricheskij arhiv (RGVIA), F. 546, op. 1, d. 31, l. 77 ob — 98 (In Russ).

18. RGVIA, F. 316, op. 69, d. 1 s. 99 ob, 151 ob. (In Russ).

19. RGVIA, F. 546, op. 2, d. 7934, l. 384-404. (In Russ).

20. RGVIA, F. 316, op. 69 d. 159, l. 100-101, 123 ob-125, 146 ob-147, 230-231 ob, 248. (In Russ).

21. Gljancev SP, Kalikinskaja EI, Pirushkina JuD. Nikolaj Ivanovich Pirogov (1810–1881) — urozhenec i pochetnyj grazhdanin Moskvy Vestnik NMCH im. N Pirogova. 2020; 15(4): 109-120. (In Russ).

22. Geselevich AM. Letopis’ zhizni NI Pirogova. M.: Medicina; 1976. 100 p. (In Russ).

23. RGVIA, F. 316, op. 69 d. 160, l. 74, 131 ob-132 ob, 134, 152, 205, 229-229 ob, 250-251, 283 ob -284, 290. (In Russ).

24. RGVIA, F. 316, op. 69 d. 161, l. 2. (In Russ).

25. Pelikan Wacław [Internet]. [URL] Accessed 09.07.2021.

26. Piročkinas A., Šidlauskas A. Mokslas senajame Vilniaus universitete. — Vilnius: Mokslas; 1984. 328 p.

27. Lazutka S, Lazutka VS, Jendzinas A, et al. Istorija Vil’njusskogo universiteta (1579–1979). Vil’njus: Mokslas; 1979. 373 р. (In Russ).

28. Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj istoricheskij arhiv (RGIA), F. 733, op. 62, d. 779, l. 1-2 ob, 62-62 ob, 72, 93. (In Russ).

29. RGIA, F. 733, op. 62, d. 841, l. 11-14 ob, 35-35 ob. (In Russ).

30. RGIA, F. 733, op. 62, d. 975, l. 1-4 ob, 84-84 ob. (In Russ.)

31. Stoletie voennogo ministerstva (1802–1902) Tom VIII. Ch. 4. Vostochnaja vojna 1853–1856 gg. Ocherk razvitija i dejatel’nosti voenno-medicinskogo vedomstva v carstvovanija Imperatorov Aleksandra II, Aleksandra III i Nikolaja II. Skalon DA, editor. SPb.: Tipografija Postavshhikov Dvora Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Tovarishhestva M. O. Vol’f; 1909. 186, 368 p. (In Russ).

32. Sevastopol’skie pis’ma NI Pirogova (1854–1855). Malis JuG, editor. SPb.: Russkoe hirurgicheskoe obshhestvo Pirogova; 1907. 228 p. (In Russ).

33. Spisok grazhdanskim chinam pervyh chetyreh klassov. Ch. 1: Chiny pervyh treh klassov. SPb.: Tipografija Pravitel’stvujushhego Senata; 1873. Р.48–49. (In Russ).

34. Kulikov VA. Istorija sozdanija obshhegosudarstvennyh i vedomstvennyh Rossijskih farmakopej Vestnik farmacii. 2012; 56(2): 55-61 (In Russ).

35. RGIA, F. 1294, op. 6. (In Russ).

For citation

Kryukov Yu.Yu., Glyantsev S.P. Actual privy councilor V.V. Pelican — outstanding worker of medicine and surgery of Russia. Bulletin of Pirogov National Medical & Surgical Center. 2021;3(16):134-144. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.25881/20728255_2021_16_3_134